By: Monalisa Patra
For over a century various physicians, philosophers and scholars have used medicine or medical science to define health. This has contributed to the emerging issues around medicalization of human experience and changed the dynamics around control and power within the health system. While modern biomedicine has made immense strides in medicine and surgery, it has overshadowed traditional forms of medicine, until more recent times when traditional medicine has witnessed a resurgence in popularity. Although the roots of modern medicine can be traced back to various medical traditions the current “modern medicine” approaches view traditional medicine with suspicion. However, due to increased interactions (interestingly, also due to ‘Globalization’) and geopolitical changes (with the rise of China and India, among others), we see a growing demand and spread of various health traditions globally.
Medicinal biology is one of the oldest fields of Biology, and it originates from Ayurveda. Ayurveda mainly focuses about life style and incorporation of natural resources (plant) for the betterment of human being. There are many cultivated plant which are used as food while there are many unwanted plants, which have tendency to grow them, whenever they will get favorable conditions, we treat them as unwanted plants (weeds). This is the era of natural science and treatment of diseases through nature. There are many common weeds, which have very important chemical compounds. These chemical compounds can be treated as novel ligand molecules and it acts against different diseases. Complete details of the weeds like habitat, classification, common name, medicinal uses and chemical compounds found in it are explored. These weeds were already used by many tribal, local and villagers as medicine. These indigenous and traditional practices are now acknowledged by people all over the world. Use of weeds for medicinal purposes has proven to be a tremendous tool in expanding the roots of ethnobotany. Weeds compounds can be explored further to identify new possibilities and how It can be used positively for mankind. Plants like Argemone Mexicana, Tridax procumbens, Chrysopogon zizanioides, Parthenium hysterophorus, Cynodon dactylon, Amaranthus spinosus, Mimosa pudica and Oxalis corniculata easily found in our lawns, gardens and on road side which are having tremendous medicinal value. Exploring about them we can enriching our knowledge about weeds as medicine.
And Drishti Foundation Trust aims to focus on the usage of Ayurveda and here are some beneficial uses of the Weed: Argemone mexicana (Papaveraceae)
It is commonly known as Satyanashi. It is a pioneer plant, grow easily in poor soil conditions and tolerant of Drought. It secrets bright yellow latex, poisonous to grazing animals, so rarely untilled by animals. The plant is used both as fresh and dried, it helps in relieving the kidney pain, expelling a torn placenta and overall cleanses the body. It contains some important phytochemicals like alkaloids sanguinarine, jatrorrhizine, oxyberberine. Sanguinarine is one of the most important used as alternative medicines to cure pneumonia, coughs, weak lungs, kidney, liver, bladder. It is also used as emetic Jatrorrhizine, has an antiinflammatory effect and it improves blood flow in body.